Table of Contents
What is Mesothelioma Cancer?
Mesothelioma cancer affects the mesothelium, which is a layer of tissue that lines the lungs, abdomen, heart, and testes. Asbestos exposure causes mesothelioma cancer. Pleural mesothelioma (lungs), peritoneal mesothelioma (abdomen), and pericardial mesothelioma (heart) are the three types of mesothelioma (heart). Long-term asbestos exposure raises the risk of cancer. The greatest approach to avoiding cancer is to avoid asbestos exposure.
Malignant mesothelioma is a rare cancer that affects the lining of the lungs. Because the symptoms of mesothelioma are similar to those of other illnesses, doctors frequently misdiagnose it. If you’ve been exposed to asbestos or items containing asbestos, you should tell your doctor.
Learn more about cancer.
When tumors expand, develop, and push on the chest wall and the abdominal cavity, mesothelioma symptoms arise. Patients who receive an early diagnosis have a better chance of benefiting from more therapy choices. Because the symptoms are similar to those of other diseases, misdiagnosis is widespread. It’s critical to be aware of your asbestos exposure history and to speak with your doctor about it as soon as feasible.
Pleural mesothelioma affects the tissue that surrounds the lungs.
- Chest pain
- Painful coughing
- Shortness of breath
- Unusual lumps of tissue under the skin on your chest
- Unexplained weight loss
Peritoneal mesothelioma occurs in tissue in the abdomen.
- Abdominal pain
- Abdominal swelling
- Unexplained weight loss
Key facts about Mesothelioma
- Every year, about 3,000 new instances of mesothelioma are discovered.
- Mesothelioma has a long latency period, requiring anywhere from 20 to 50 years to manifest as a malignancy.
- Pleural mesothelioma accounts for 75% of all instances of mesothelioma.
- The average age at which a person is diagnosed is 65 or older.
- The people who work directly with the asbestos minerals or with asbestos-containing goods are the ones who are most in danger.
- Malignant mesothelioma has manageable symptoms, but the malignancy is incurable.
Causes of Mesothelioma
Asbestos exposure is the leading cause of mesothelioma. Repeated use of asbestos-contaminated consumer items, such as talc, can cause this exposure. Asbestos is also dangerously present in the workplace, residences, schools, military installations, and naval ships. Because asbestos fibers take a long time to create the damage that leads to cancer, mesothelioma cancer develops decades after the exposure.
How Does Mesothelioma Develop?
- Asbestos fibers in the air are inhaled or swallowed by a person.
- Asbestos fibers become stuck in the lungs, abdomen, or cardiac lining.
- Embedded fibers promote inflammation and damage to mesothelial cells.
- Mesothelioma develops when tumors build on the injured mesothelioma over time.
People at the Highest Risk of Mesothelioma
People who are most at risk of acquiring mesothelioma cancer have worked with asbestos for a long time or have been exposed to high levels of asbestos at work. Secondhand asbestos exposure is widespread, particularly among the wives and children of asbestos workers.
- Auto mechanics
- Chimney sweeps
- Construction workers
- HVAC technicians
- Textile mill workers
- Family members
Prognosis and Life Expectancy in Mesothelioma
When doctors discuss a patient’s prognosis for mesothelioma cancer, they are assessing the patient’s overall outlook. When patients inquire about their mesothelioma prognosis, they usually want to know how long they might expect to live.
While there is no cure, each patient’s prognosis differs based on factors such as their age, overall health, how early they are diagnosed, and whether their prognosis may be improved with therapy and the adoption of a healthy lifestyle.
The most important elements that influence mesothelioma prognosis are stage and cell type. Age, gender, and general health all have an impact on one’s viewpoint. Patients who are younger and women have a better prognosis for mesothelioma than elderly males. People who are diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma have a better chance of surviving.