Causes of Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is caused by unknown factors.
According to doctors, prostate cancer is caused by alterations in the DNA of cells in the prostate. The instructions that inform a cell what to do are stored in the DNA of that cell. The alterations cause the cells to proliferate and expand at a faster rate than normal ones. When other cells would perish, aberrant cells would continue to live.
The aberrant cells create a tumour, which can spread and infect neighbouring tissue. Some aberrant cells can break away and move to other places of the body (metastasize).
Prostate cancer can be caused by a number of factors, including:
Getting older. As you become older, your chances of developing prostate cancer grow. After the age of 50, it becomes more prevalent.
Race. Black people have a higher risk of prostate cancer than those of other races for unknown reasons. Prostate cancer is also more likely to be aggressive or advanced in Black men.
Family background. If a blood related has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, such as a parent, brother, or kid, your risk may be enhanced. Additionally, if you have a significant family history of breast cancer or a gene that increases the risk of breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2), your risk of prostate cancer may be increased.
Obesity. Obese persons may have a greater risk of prostate cancer than people who are regarded to be of normal weight, while studies have shown inconsistent results. Obese persons are more likely to get cancer that is more aggressive and that returns after therapy.
Prevention of prostate cancer
If you do the following, you can lower your chance of prostate cancer:
- Consume a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Consume a diverse selection of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Many vitamins and minerals are found in fruits and vegetables, which can benefit your health. Prostate cancer prevention by diet has yet to be shown successfully. However, eating a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables might boost your general health.
- Most days of the week, you should exercise. Exercise benefits your general health, weight management, and mental well-being. On most days of the week, try to exercise. If you’re new to fitness, begin slowly and gradually increase your exercise time each day.
- Keep your weight in check. If your present weight is healthy, make an effort to keep it that way by eating well and exercising most days of the week. If you want to lose weight, increase your activity and cut your daily calorie intake. Consult your doctor for assistance in developing a healthy weight-loss strategy.
- Discuss your elevated risk of prostate cancer with your doctor. If you have a very high risk of prostate cancer, you and your doctor may want to look into medicines or other therapies. According to certain studies, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors such as finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart) may lower the overall risk of prostate cancer. These medications are used to prevent prostate enlargement and hair loss.